2nd United States Infantry

Posted to the Project on 28 Mar 08

2nd United States InfantryThe Second United States Infantry is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

About the Main Monument

When was it dedicated? Erected between 1907 and 1908.

What is it made out of? Foundation: Concrete. Monument: Polished red Jonesboro Granite. Plaque: Bronze.

What size is it? 24 by 50 inches and 7 feet high.

Who made it? Van Armitage Granite Company

What does it depict? One of 45 monuments erected to units of the United States regular army on the battlefield. A red polished Jonesboro granite monolith that is set upon a concrete foundation with a descriptive 3’6′x3’7′ bronze tablet with the coat of arms of the United States in bronze.

How is it inscribed? This monument is inscribed,

ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
FIFTH CORPS
SECOND DIVISION SECOND BRIGADE
SECOND U. S. INFANTRY
Six Companies
Major Arthur T. Lee and Captain Samuel A. McKee
Commanding

July 2. Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade at the right of the Twelfth Corps. Skirmished with the Confederates. Later moved to the left. At 5 P. M. formed line with left on north slope of Little Round Top and the right of Brigade line extending into some woods. Advanced across Plum Run and to the crest of the rocky wooded hill in front near the Wheatfield and facing left occupied the stone wall on the edge of the woods. The Confederates having opened fire on the right flank and advanced through the Wheatfield in the rear the Brigade was withdrawn under a heavy fire on both flanks and from the rear and of shot and shell from batteries and formed in line on right of Little Round Top.

July 3. Remained in same position.

Casualties Killed 1 Officer and 5 Men Wounded 4 Officers and 51 Men Missing 6 Men

When was this photograph taken? June 16, 2012.

Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located West side of Ayres Avenue.

Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? Yes.

Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.

Monument Details, Alternative Views, and Contextual Views

no images were found

At Gettysburg

The 2nd United States Infantry served as a member of Burbank’s Brigade in Ayres’ Division of the Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac.

Commander: Maj. Arthur T. Lee (1814-1879). Native of Northumberland, Pennsylvania. Career soldier. Wounded on July 2. Capt. Samuel T. McKee (1841-1864) took command from Lee. Native of Birmingham, Pennsylvania. Wounded at Antietam. Killed by guerrillas April 11, 1864.

Number Engaged: 237

Casualties: 6 killed, 55 wounded, 6 missing

Officers Killed at Gettysburg:

  • 1st Lieutenant Francis C. Goodrich, Company B, killed on July 2

Soldiers Buried in the United States Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:

  • Cpl. John Fullbright, Company B, A-27
  • Pvt. John Hare, Company I, B-22
  • Pvt. Patrick Moran, Company B, B-24
  • Pvt. James Stanton, Company H, D-15
  • Pvt. John Willis, Company K, B-17

After Action Report: After Action Report of Maj. Arthur T. Lee (will open a pop up window).

General Information

Raised: The 2nd United States Infantry was recruited at New York City, Suffolk County (Massachusetts), and from St. Louis, Missouri. Organized in 1815, the regimental headquarters in 1861 was at Fort Kearny in the Nebraska Territory.

Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:

In Kansas January, 1861. Companies “C” and “K” reached Washington, D.C., July, 1861. Attached to Porter’s 1st Brigade, Hunter’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Porter’s City Guard, Washington, D.C., to March, 1862. Regiment concentrated at Washington, December, 1861, except Company “H” at Fort Larned, Kan. Attached to Syke’s Regular Infantry Brigade, Army Potomac, March to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Provost Guard, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864. Newport Barracks, Ky., to October, 1865.

SERVICE.–Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861 (Cos. “C,” “K”). Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21. Duty as City Guard at Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines’ Mill June 27; Turkey Bridge June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison’s Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16-28. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee, July 5-24. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Near Greenwich April 11, 1864 (Cos. “C,” “H,” “K”). Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania Court House May 8-21; North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12, Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to October, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble’s Farm, September 29-October 2. Moved to Newport Barracks, Ky., October, 1864, and duty there until October, 1865. Company “B” moved from Kansas to St. Louis, Mo., February, 1861. Expedition to Booneville June 13-17. Capture of Jefferson City June 13. Action at Booneville June 17. Company “E” moved to St., Louis, Mo., July, 1861. Lyon’s Springfield Campaign July-August. Companies “B” and “E” action at Dug Springs August 2. Battle of Wilson’s Creek August 10, Joined Regiment in Washington, D.C., December, 1861. Company “H” at Fort Laramie until June, 1863. Joined Regiment at Benson’s Mills, Va., June 13, 1863. Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 88 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 58 Enlisted men by disease. Total 155.

[USRegulars]

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