1st New York Artillery, Battery M

Posted to the Project on 27 Mar 08

1st New York Artillery Battery M MonumentThe First New York Artillery, Battery M is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

About the Main Monument

When was it dedicated? 1889.

What is it made out of? Sculpture: Quincy granite with bronze elements; Base: granite.

What size is it? Sculpture: approx. 7 ft. 2 in. x 6 ft. 9 in. x 3 ft. 4 1/2 in.; Base: approx. 9 ft. 4 in. x 8 ft. x 5 ft. 8 in.

Who made it? Frederick & Field, fabricator.

What does it depict? Marker stands on a two-tiered smooth and rough-hewn base. A bronze State Seal in relief is affixed to the front face of the plinth. There is a relief of crossed rammers on the front cap, topped with a Corps star insignia, and the star appears in the same area, on the reverse. The whole is surmounted by a finial of a Parrot tube and projectiles

What does it honor? It indicates the position held by Winegar’s Battery M on the evening of July 2, 1863.


When was this photograph taken? June 14, 2012.

Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Powers Hill, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325.

Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.

Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.

Monument Details, Alternative Views, and Contextual Views

no images were found

At Gettysburg

The 1st New York Artillery, Battery M was also known as Cothran’s Battery. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Muhlenberg’s Brigade in the Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac.

Commander: Lt. Charles E. Winegar (b.1832). Paper manufacturer from Shelby. Wounded at First Winchester.

Number Engaged: 4 Parrotts and 96 men

Casualties: no loss

General Information

Raised: Niagara County

Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:

Organized at Lockport, N.Y., and mustered in at Rochester November 15, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., November 21, 1861. Attached to Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, Williams’ Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, to April, 1862, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 20th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.–Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Advance on Winchester March, 1862. Occupation of Winchester March 12. Advance from Strasburg to Woodstock and Edenburg April 1-2. Woodstock April 1. Edenburg April 1-2. Near Edenburg April 7-11 and 14. South Fork of the Shenandoah April 19. McGaheysville April 27. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley to June 17. Middletown and Newtown May 24. Winchester May 25. Retreat to Williamsport May 25-26. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Beverly Ford August 20. Rappahannock River August 21. Plains of Manassas August 27-29. Battle of Bull Run August 30 (Reserve). Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Maryland Heights until December. March to Fairfax Station December 10-14 and duty there until January 20, 1863. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Duty at Stafford Court House until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., October 4. Guard Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until April, 1864. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Operations about Rocky Faced Ridge, Tunnel Hill and Buzzard’s Roost Gap May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochee River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochee River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Robertsville, S. C., January 29, 1865. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24 and of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out June 23, 1865. Battery lost during service 13 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 11 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.


Comments on this Post

One Response to “1st New York Artillery, Battery M”

  1. Cheri says:

    Thank you for this post! George W. Cothran, who lent his name to this Battery, was a relative of mine. I knew about his service, but not about the monument. Now we have a compelling reason to return to Gettysburg, one of our favorite places.

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