6th Pennsylvania Reserves (35th Infantry)

Posted to the Project on 10 Jan 08

6th Pennsylvania Reserves MonumentThe Sixth Pennsylvania Reserves is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

About the Main Monument

When was it dedicated? Sept. 1890.

What is it made out of? Monument: granite with bronze tablet.

What size is it? Overall: approx. H. 20 ft. 9 in. x 6 ft. 2 in. x 6 ft. 2 in.

Who made it? Unknown, sculptor.

What does it depict? Twenty-feet high. Granite obelisk on double base and plinth consisting of alternating courses of undressed red and white granite. Text inscription appears incised on polished panels at lower base of shaft. Monument is a three foot square obelisk that has alternating courses of red and white rough-hewn granite set on a six foot square double base. Shaft has inscriptions cut into polished panels.

What does it honor? The location of the monument marks the position held by the 6th Pennsylvania reserve on the evening of July 2, 1863.

How is it inscribed? 6th PENNSYLVANIA RESERVES/35TH INFANTRY/1ST BRIGADE/3D DIVISION/5TH CORPS

When was this photograph taken? April 15, 2011.

Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, Wheatfield Road, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Located on the north side of Wheatfield Road west of Crawford Avenue.

Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.

Has this monument been moved or changed? Along with a number of other Gettysburg monuments, this piece was vandalized on March 4, 1913.

Monument Details, Alternative Views, and Contextual Views

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At Gettysburg

The 6th Pennsylvania Reserves was also known as 35th Infantry. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of McCandless’ Brigade in Crawford’s Division of the Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac.

Commander: Lt. Col. Wellington H. Ent (1834-1871). Lawyer from Bloomsburg. Wounded during the 1864 Overland Campaign.

Number Engaged: 380

Casualties: 2 killed, 22 wounded

Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:

  • Pvt. Samuel Sechman, Company E, D-40

Medal of Honor Winners: FURMAN, CHESTER S. Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Columbia, Pa. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

HART, JOHN W. Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Cumberland, Md. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: Was one of six volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

JOHNSON, WALLACE W. Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Waverly, N.Y. Birth: Newfield, N.Y. Date of issue: 8 August 1900. Citation: With five other volunteers gallantly charged on a number of the enemy’s sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.

MEARS, GEORGE W. Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Bloomsburgh, Pa. Birth: Bloomsburgh, Pa. Date of issue: 16 February 1897. Citation: With five volunteers he gallantly charged on a number of the enemy’s sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.

ROUSH, J. LEVI. Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Bedford County, Pa. Date of issue: 3 August 1897. Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

SMITH, THADDEUS S. Rank and organization. Corporal, Company E, 6th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry. Place and date. At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Franklin County, Pa. Date of issue: 5 May 1900. Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

General Information

Raised: Bradford, Columbia, Dauhphin, Franklin, Montour, Snyder, Susquehanna, and Tioga counties.

Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:

Organized at Harrisburg June, 1861. At Camp Biddle, Greencastle, Pa., July 12-22, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 22. Mustered into United States service July 27, 1861. Attached to 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 3rd Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserve Division, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864.

SERVICE.–Duty at Tennallytown, Md., July 27 to October 10, 1861, and at Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va., until March, 1862. Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm December 6, 1861. Action at Dranesville December 20. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. 1862. McDowell’s advance on Falmouth, Va., April 9-19. Duty at Fredericksburg, Va., until June. Moved to White House June 11-13. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Guarding supplies at Tunstall’s Station and White House June 26-July 2. At Harrison’s Landing until Au- gust 16. Movement to Join Pope August 16-26. Battles of Gainesville August 28; Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Near Sharpsburg until September 26. Movement to Falmouth, Va., September 26-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. Ordered to Washington, D.C., February 6, and duty there and at Alexandria until June 25, 1863. Rejoined Army of the Potomac in the field. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Bristoe Station February 1, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 25. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Mustered out June 11, 1864. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 107 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 73 Enlisted men by disease. Total 183.

[Pennsylvania]

Comments on this Post

2 Responses to “6th Pennsylvania Reserves (35th Infantry)”

  1. HankC says:

    interesting that they had more Medals of Honor than killed in action. Do you know any details?

  2. Jenny says:

    Hank, go here: http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/soldierlife/honor.htm

    It contains all the medal of honor winners at Gettysburg. This was their citation:

    “Citation: Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.”

    I’m not actually familiar with what they did or what log cabin they charged, but probably the best place to look would be Pfanz’s “Gettysburg: The Second Day.” (If I get chance to get at my books, I’ll check for you.)

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