68th Pennsylvania Infantry
Posted to the Project on 18 Jul 07
The Sixth Eighth Pennsylvania Infantry is honored by a monument and a secondary monument at Gettysburg.
About the Main Monument
When was it dedicated? July 2, 1888.
What is it made out of? Granite; Relief plaque: bronze; Base: stone.
What size is it? Approx. 12 ft. 4 in. x 3 ft. 1 in. x 3 ft. 1 in.; Base: approx. 39 in x 6 ft. 2 in. x 6 ft. 2 in.
Who made it? Gallagher, W. C., fabricator.
What does it depict? A square granite monument topped with the Third Corps diamond symbol is adorned on the front with a bronze relief plaque depicting the Pennsylvania state seal. The monument rests atop a two-tiered base. Monument is a three foot square polished granite shaft that has a stepped cross-gable cap with an inverted red granite lozenge on the top and set on a six foot square rough hewn base. Inscriptions are located on the south, east, and west sides with a bronze state seal on the south face. Overall height is 12.4 feet. Flanking marker is one foot square with a polished gable top and inscriptions.
What does it honor? The monument marks the first position held by the regiment when Sickles’ line was moved up to Emmitsburg Road and in support of Clark’s New Jersey battery.
How is it inscribed? 68TH PENNA./INFANTRY/SCOTT LEGION/THIS MONUMENT MARKS/THE LEFT OF THE REGIMENT WHILE SUPPORTING/CLARK’S BATTERY/JULY 2ND 1863./THE RIGHT RESTING 150 FEET NORTH AS INDICATED/BY FLANK MARKER, IN THE AFTERNOON THE/REGIMENT ADVANCED SOUTHWARD INTO THE/PEACH ORCHARD WHERE ITS OTHER MONUMENT/STANDS AND ENGAGED THE ENEMY/JULY 3RD AND 4TH/THE REGIMENT WAS IN LINE WITH THE DIVISION/ON LEFT CENTRE./PRESENT AT GETTYSBURG/383 OFFICERS AND MEN./KILLED 3 OFFICERS AND 10 MEN/WOUNDED 9 OFFICERS AND 117 MEN./CAPTURED OR MISSING 13 MEN/1ST BRIG. 1ST DIV./THIRD CORPS
When was this photograph taken? September 20, 2009. Monument faces south.
Where is it located? Located Gettysburg National Military Park, North side of Wheatfield Road at Peach Orchard, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325. Near the Wentz house ruins.
Is this monument located along the NPS Auto Tour route? No.
Has this monument been moved or changed? This monument has not been moved or materially altered.
Monument Details, Alternative Views, and Contextual Views
no images were found
Secondary Monuments and Markers
Photographed: April 15, 2011.
Location: Emmitsburg Road, the Peach Orchard. Located on the east side of Emmitsburg Road at the Peach Orchard north of Birney Avenue. Monument location is marked on the above map by a RED push pin.
Description: Monument consists of a base, die and shaft topped with an urn finial. The monument indicates the advance position held by the 68th Pennsylvania Infantry when contesting the advance of Kershaw’s Brigade on the afternoon of on July 2, 1863. Monument is a eleven foot square white marble shaft topped with an urn and set on a 2.6 foot square base. The base has an inscription cut into the west face. Overall height is 10.2 feet. It was erected by surviving members of the regiment. Installed 1886. This monument is made entirely of marble.
Inscription: “Erected by the survivors of the 68th Reg. P.V. Scott Legion Col. A. H. Tippin commanding 1st Brigade 1st Division 3rd Army Corps. In memory of 183 of our comrades who fell on this field July 2nd and 3rd 1863.”
The 68th Pennsylvania Infantry was also known as The Scott Legion. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Graham’s Brigade in Birney’s Division of the Third Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commander: Col. Andrew H. Tippin (1822-1870). Mexican War veteran and deputy marshal in Philadelphia. When Tippin ascended to command of Graham’s Brigade, Capt. Milton S. Davis (1824-1863) took command. Mexican War veteran and Philadelphia carpenter; killed November 27, 1863 during the Mine Run Campaign.
Number Engaged: 394
Casualties: 13 killed, 126 wounded, 13 missing
Officers Killed at Gettysburg:
- 1st Lieutenant Andrew Black, Company D, of Philadelphia, killed on July 2
- 1st Lieutenant Lewis W. Ealer, Company F, of Philadelphia, mortally wounded on July 2
- Captain George W. McLearn, Company D, of Philadelphia, killed on July 2
- 1st Lieutenant John Reynolds, Company E, of Philadelphia, killed on July 2, buried in National Cemetery at B-81
Soldiers Buried in the Pennsylvania Plot of the Gettysburg National Cemetery:
- Cpl. Abraham Crawley, Company A, A-31
- Pvt. George Hiles, Company C, C-25
- Cpl. Peter Hilt, Company G, B-48
- Cpl. George W. Ingraham, Company A, A-71
- Pvt. John Metz, Company A, D-60
- Pvt. William Teesdale, Company C, B-59
- Pvt. John Weidner, Company B, A-58
After Action Report: After Action Report of Col. Andrew H. Tippin (will open a pop up window).
Raised: Philadelphia and Montgomery county
Regimental History ~ Dyer’s Compendium of the War of the Rebellion:
Organized at Philadelphia August, 1862, Left State for Washington, D.C., September 1, 1862. Camp at Arlington Heights until October. Moved to Poolesville, Md., and attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1864. Provost Guard, Army Potomac, to April, 1865. Collis’ Independent Brigade, 9th Army Corps, April, 1865. Hart’s Island, N.Y., Harbor, Dept. of the East, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.–March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 19, 1862. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March,” January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 13-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Whapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn October 13. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly’s Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne’s Farm November 27. At Brandy Station until April, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Assigned to provost duty at Meade’s Headquarters April 18. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania C. H. May 8-21; Guinea Station May 21; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Garrison and provost duty at City Point, Va., June 18, 1864, to April 1, 1865. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Moved from before Petersburg to Hart’s Island, N. Y. Harbor, April, 1865, and duty there guarding prisoners until June. Mustered out June 9, 1865. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 51 Enlisted men by disease. Total 122.
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